Grammatikseminariet: Werner Frey "On some types of German causal clauses and their syntactic-semantic layers"
The talk discusses different types German causal clauses and analyses them in Manfred Krifka’s system of decomposition of a speech act into the levels of a proposition, a judgement, a commitment and a speech act, which are represented in syntax by TP, JP, ComP and ActP, respectively.
It is argued that standardly, a German weil-clause (like an English because-clause) is a TP (covered by a CP-shell). A da-clause (like an English since-clause) constitutes a JP (covered by a CP-shell); it forms a judgement. A German verb-first causal clause is an ActP; its illocutionary force has a supporting function with regard to the illocutionary force of the preceding sentence. It will be shown that different distinguishing properties of these clause types are the result of their being of different categories.